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Suberites ficus (Johnston, 1842)

Orange fig horny sponge

Suberites ficus

Ria d’Etel, France, 11 meters, 2011, WBN

Description

Suberites ficus is a massive sponge up to 30 cm across. It has an irregular rounded form. The surface is smooth, fibrous-like with few large oscules. The colour is variable: yellow orange, red orange, greish or brownish. It is attached to rocks, near algae and sometimes to small stones it may entirely cover. It can be seen rolling to and fro on the bottom according to water stream. It may also cover shells inhabited by hermit-crabs.

Similar to

There are other similar species of the genus Suberites such as Suberites carnosus which is more globulous, with fewer oscules (generally 2 to 3) and which can retract a lot.

Distribution

Suberites ficus is found from surface to 200 m deep, in the Atlantic Ocean, the Baltic Sea, the North Sea, the English Channel and the Mediterranean Sea.

Image satellite: © Esri, DigitalGlobe, GeoEye, Earthstar Geographics, CNES/Airbus DS, USDA, USGS, AeroGRID, IGN, and the GIS User Community.

Données de distribution : Suberites ficus (Johnston, 1842) in GBIF Secretariat (2019). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset https://doi.org/10.15468/39omei accessed via GBIF.org on 2020-09-29.

Classification

Source : World Register of Marine Species


Biota (Superdomain)
Animalia (Kingdom)
Porifera (Phylum)
Demospongiae (Class)
Heteroscleromorpha (Subclass)
Suberitida (Order)
Suberitidae (Family)
Suberites (Genus)
Suberites ficus (Species)

Page glossary

Oscule : opening generally quite visible, through which sponges expel water they have filtered to extract food particles.

Authors

Text : Wilfried Bay-Nouailhat, Anne Bay-Nouailhat © 2004 - 2020.

Photos : © Wilfried Bay-Nouailhat. Published with his kind permission.
Websites and reference works : Consult bibliography

Image satellite: © Esri, DigitalGlobe, GeoEye, Earthstar Geographics, CNES/Airbus DS, USDA, USGS, AeroGRID, IGN, and the GIS User Community.

Données de distribution : Suberites ficus (Johnston, 1842) in GBIF Secretariat (2019). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset https://doi.org/10.15468/39omei accessed via GBIF.org on 2020-09-29.

How to cite this page

Bay-Nouailhat W., Bay-Nouailhat A., April 2004, Description of Suberites ficus, [On line] http://european-marine-life.org/02/suberites-ficus.php, consulted on 2020 September 29.

Authors

Photographie de Wilfried Bay-Nouailhat

Wilfried Bay-Nouailhat

Diver - Naturalist
Underwater Photographer

Photographie de Anne Bay-Nouailhat

Anne Bay-Nouailhat

Project manager in marine environment
Professional diver - Naturalist

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