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Cliona celata Grant, 1826

Yellow boring sponge

Cliona celata

Ria d’Etel, France, 12 meters, 2012, WBN

Cliona celata

Glénan Archipelago, France, 14 meters, 2004, WBN

Cliona celata

Glénan Archipelago, France, 14 meters, 2005, WBN

Cliona celata

Ile de Groix, France, 10 meters, 2011, WBN

Cliona celata

Glénan Archipelago, France, 14 meters, 2004, WBN

Description

Cliona celata is a sponge presenting two morphological types more or less frequent whether this sponge lives in the Atlantic Ocean or whether it lives in the Mediterranean Sea. In the Atlantic, it mainly forms large and fleshy bright yellow masses, often isolated on poorly inhabited rocks. It may reach 60 cm in diameter which is the largest sponge from this area. Clearly visible inhaling pores cover the whole surface of the sponge. The oscules, at the end of small outgrowths, are arranged in somewhat linear systems, mainly on the upper part of the animal. In the Mediterranean Sea, Cliona celata is a perforating sponge. It lives inside shells or calcareous rocks which it perforates. Only the yellow ostioles and oscules are visible.

Distribution

Cliona celata is found from surface to 200 m deep, in the Atlantic ocean, the English Channel, the North Sea, the Baltic Sea and the Mediterranean Sea.

Image satellite: © Esri, DigitalGlobe, GeoEye, Earthstar Geographics, CNES/Airbus DS, USDA, USGS, AeroGRID, IGN, and the GIS User Community.

Données de distribution : Cliona celata Grant, 1826 in GBIF Secretariat (2019). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset https://doi.org/10.15468/39omei accessed via GBIF.org on 2020-09-25.

Classification

Source : World Register of Marine Species


Biota (Superdomain)
Animalia (Kingdom)
Porifera (Phylum)
Demospongiae (Class)
Heteroscleromorpha (Subclass)
Clionaida (Order)
Clionaidae (Family)
Cliona (Genus)
Cliona celata (Species)

Page glossary

Oscule : Opening generally quite visible, through which sponges expel water they have filtered to extract food particles.

Ostioles : = = inhaling pore. Holes through which water enters into the sponge.

Authors

Text : Wilfried Bay-Nouailhat © 2004 - 2020.

Photos : © Wilfried Bay-Nouailhat. Published with his kind permission.
Websites and reference works : Consult bibliography

Image satellite: © Esri, DigitalGlobe, GeoEye, Earthstar Geographics, CNES/Airbus DS, USDA, USGS, AeroGRID, IGN, and the GIS User Community.

Données de distribution : Cliona celata Grant, 1826 in GBIF Secretariat (2019). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset https://doi.org/10.15468/39omei accessed via GBIF.org on 2020-09-25.

How to cite this page

Bay-Nouailhat W., april 2004, Description of Cliona celata, [On line] http://european-marine-life.org/02/cliona-celata.php, consulted on 2020 September 25.

Author

Photographie de Wilfried Bay-Nouailhat

Wilfried Bay-Nouailhat

Diver - Naturalist
Underwater Photographer

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