Home
En français - In French

Ciocalypta penicillus Bowerbank, 1862

Cored chimney sponge

Ciocalypta penicillus

Camaret, France, 10 meters, 2008, WBN

Ciocalypta penicillus

Glénan Archipelago, France, 15 meters, 2004, WBN

Ciocalypta penicillus

Glénan Archipelago, France, 13 meters, 2004, WBN

Description

Ciocalypta penicillus is a sponge with a round cushion-shaped base attached to rocks, of 10 to 20 cm in diameter. Many conical outgrowths between 5 to 10 cm in height and 5 to 7 mm in diameter at their base emerge from the whole surface of the basal cushion. The sponge base is generally covered with sand, only the erected brushes are visible. They are pale yellow and translucent so that the central axis can be seen through.

Distribution

Ciocalypta penicillus lives on rocks hidden in sandy or maerl seabeds, in the North-Western Atlantic, the English Channel and the Mediterranean Sea.

Image satellite: © Esri, DigitalGlobe, GeoEye, Earthstar Geographics, CNES/Airbus DS, USDA, USGS, AeroGRID, IGN, and the GIS User Community.

Données de distribution : Ciocalypta penicillus Bowerbank, 1862 in GBIF Secretariat (2019). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset https://doi.org/10.15468/39omei accessed via GBIF.org on 2020-09-29.

Classification

Source : World Register of Marine Species


Biota (Superdomain)
Animalia (Kingdom)
Porifera (Phylum)
Demospongiae (Class)
Heteroscleromorpha (Subclass)
Suberitida (Order)
Halichondriidae (Family)
Ciocalypta (Genus)
Ciocalypta penicillus (Species)

Page glossary

Maerl : Calcareous algae forming small branches of 3 to 5 cm. Pink when alive, white when dead, these algae form large seabeds. Maerl is collected and used in pharmacology and manure.

Authors

Text : Wilfried Bay-Nouailhat © 2004 - 2020.

Photos : © Wilfried Bay-Nouailhat. Published with his kind permission.
Websites and reference works : Consult bibliography

Image satellite: © Esri, DigitalGlobe, GeoEye, Earthstar Geographics, CNES/Airbus DS, USDA, USGS, AeroGRID, IGN, and the GIS User Community.

Données de distribution : Ciocalypta penicillus Bowerbank, 1862 in GBIF Secretariat (2019). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset https://doi.org/10.15468/39omei accessed via GBIF.org on 2020-09-29.

How to cite this page

Bay-Nouailhat W., april 2004, Description of Ciocalypta penicillus, [On line] http://european-marine-life.org/02/ciocalypta-penicillus.php, consulted on 2020 September 29.

Author

Photographie de Wilfried Bay-Nouailhat

Wilfried Bay-Nouailhat

Diver - Naturalist
Underwater Photographer

Back to top

© Mer et littoral 2004-2020 - All rights reserved

The texts and images on this website are not free of rights and cannot be copied and/or used without the agreement of their respective authors.