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Sphaerechinus granularis (Lamarck, 1816)

Violet sea urchin

Sphaerechinus granularis

Concarneau Bay, France, 8 meters, 2005, WBN

Description

Sphaerechinus granularis is a sea urchin of up to 12 cm in diameter. It is globular, slightly top-flattened. The test is dark purple and spines may be purple too but very often with white tips or even entirely white. It often covers itself with algae or shell remains held by its tube-feet and pedicellariae. It feeds on algae grazed on rock surface. It lives on rocks, boulders and also on Maerl, a calcareous algae.

Distribution

Sphaerechinus granularis is found from surface to 100 m deep in the Atlantic Ocean down to Cape Verdes, in the English Channel and the Mediterranean Sea.

Image satellite: © Esri, DigitalGlobe, GeoEye, Earthstar Geographics, CNES/Airbus DS, USDA, USGS, AeroGRID, IGN, and the GIS User Community.

Données de distribution : Sphaerechinus granularis (Lamarck, 1816) in GBIF Secretariat (2019). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset https://doi.org/10.15468/39omei accessed via GBIF.org on 2020-09-25.

Classification

Source : World Register of Marine Species


Biota (Superdomain)
Animalia (Kingdom)
Echinodermata (Phylum)
Echinozoa (Subphylum)
Echinoidea (Class)
Euechinoidea (Subclass)
Carinacea (Infraclass)
Echinacea (Superorder)
Camarodonta (Order)
Echinidea (Infraorder)
Odontophora (Superfamily)
Toxopneustidae (Family)
Sphaerechinus (Genus)
Sphaerechinus granularis (Species)

Page glossary

Tube foot : tube-shaped element ending by a sucker-disc used to attach to subtratum or to bring food particles into the mouth.

Pedicellariae : minute jawed elements of sea urchins and starfish used to clean body surface and as defensive means.

Authors

Text : Anne Bay-Nouailhat © 2005 - 2020.

Photos : © Wilfried Bay-Nouailhat. Published with his kind permission.
Websites and reference works : Consult bibliography

Image satellite: © Esri, DigitalGlobe, GeoEye, Earthstar Geographics, CNES/Airbus DS, USDA, USGS, AeroGRID, IGN, and the GIS User Community.

Données de distribution : Sphaerechinus granularis (Lamarck, 1816) in GBIF Secretariat (2019). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset https://doi.org/10.15468/39omei accessed via GBIF.org on 2020-09-25.

How to cite this page

Bay-Nouailhat A., November 2005, Description of Sphaerechinus granularis, [On line] http://european-marine-life.org/30/sphaerechinus-granularis.php, consulted on 2020 September 25.

Author

Photographie de Anne Bay-Nouailhat

Anne Bay-Nouailhat

Project manager in marine environment
Professional diver - Naturalist

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