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Cladonema radiatum Dujardin, 1843

Aquarium medusa

Cladonema radiatum

Laboratory, 2004, WBN

Cladonema radiatum

Concarneau Bay, France, 5 meters, 2004, WBN

Description

Cladonema radiatum is a small anthomedusa whose dome-shaped umbrella reached 6 mm in diameter. The whitish manubrium which bears the gonads can be seen through the translucent umbrella. On the margin of the umbrella, there are generally eight elongated bulbs from where branched tentacules stretch out. Under each one of these bulbs, 1 to 4 stalked buttons are used to stick on the substratum. The root-arm medusa often settles on seaweeds and Zostera. Belonging to planktonic species, it has a hopping way of swimming, then it suddenly folds its tentacles and let itself fall. Present from June to October, it can be very abundant during warm periods and can cause tingling sensation to bathers. This little medusa is the sexual swimming form of a small hydroid living fixed to seaweeds, marine plants and rocks.

Distribution

Cladonema radiatum is found in the North-Atlantic Ocean, the North Sea, the English Channel and the Mediterranean Sea. It is also listed in Japan.

Image satellite: © Esri, DigitalGlobe, GeoEye, Earthstar Geographics, CNES/Airbus DS, USDA, USGS, AeroGRID, IGN, and the GIS User Community.

Données de distribution : Cladonema radiatum Dujardin, 1843 in GBIF Secretariat (2019). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset https://doi.org/10.15468/39omei accessed via GBIF.org on 2020-09-29.

Classification

Source : World Register of Marine Species


Biota (Superdomain)
Animalia (Kingdom)
Cnidaria (Phylum)
Hydrozoa (Class)
Hydroidolina (Subclass)
Anthoathecata (Order)
Capitata (Suborder)
Cladonematidae (Family)
Cladonema (Genus)
Cladonema radiatum (Species)

Page glossary

Anthomedusa : jellyfish belonging to the order Anthoathecatae. During their life cycle, they alternate a sessile polyp generation with a swimming medusa one.

Umbrella : external layer of the medusa generally bell-shaped.

Manubrium : tubular gastric cavity ended by the mouth.

Gonads : pouch containing sexual cells.

Substratum : surface where an organism lives in or on.

Plankton : free swimming animal or vegetal living in sea or fresh water.

Authors

Text : Wilfried Bay-Nouailhat © 2006 - 2020.

Photos : © Wilfried Bay-Nouailhat. Published with his kind permission.
Websites and reference works : Consult bibliography

Image satellite: © Esri, DigitalGlobe, GeoEye, Earthstar Geographics, CNES/Airbus DS, USDA, USGS, AeroGRID, IGN, and the GIS User Community.

Données de distribution : Cladonema radiatum Dujardin, 1843 in GBIF Secretariat (2019). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset https://doi.org/10.15468/39omei accessed via GBIF.org on 2020-09-29.

How to cite this page

Bay-Nouailhat W., june 2006, Description of Cladonema radiatum, [On line] http://european-marine-life.org/05/cladonema-radiatum.php, consulted on 2020 September 29.

Author

Photographie de Wilfried Bay-Nouailhat

Wilfried Bay-Nouailhat

Diver - Naturalist
Underwater Photographer

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