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Hemimycale columella (Bowerbank, 1874)

Crater sponge

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Hemimycale columella

Ile de Groix, France, 18 meters, 2013, WBN

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Hemimycale columella

Glénan Archipelago, France, 10 meters, 2004, WBN

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Pointe de Trévignon, France, 8 meters, 2012, WBN

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Description

Hemimycale columella is an encrusting sponge of 10 to 30 cm in diameter and up to more than 1 cm thick. It has an irregular form varying in colour from pink to pale orange. The surface is covered with irregularly circular craters, containing the inhaling openings. The crater edges are underlined by a clear margin. It lives attached to rocks sometimes in close contact with algae or benthic animals.

Similar to

Phorbas fictitius also has a surface covered with circular craters but their edges are not underlined by a paler margin and they are more regularly placed.The colour of P. fictitius is red, pink or yellowish-grey.

Distribution

Hemimycale columella is recorded in the Atlantic Ocean, the English Channel and the Mediterranean Sea.

Classification

Source : World Register of Marine Species
Dernière mise à jour 24-11-2022

Animalia (Kingdom)
Porifera (Phylum)
Demospongiae (Class)
Heteroscleromorpha (Subclass)
Poecilosclerida (Order)
Hymedesmiidae (Family)
Hemimycale (Genus)
Hemimycale columella (Species)

Glossaire de la page

Inhaling pore : = Ostioles. Holes through which water enters the sponge.

Benthic animals : Animals living on the bottom, attached or not, opposed to pelagic animals that is to say free-swimming animals.

Authors

Text : Wilfried Bay-Nouailhat © 2004 - 2024.

Photos : © Wilfried Bay-Nouailhat. Published with his kind permission.
Websites and reference works : Consult bibliography

Image satellite: © Esri, DigitalGlobe, GeoEye, Earthstar Geographics, CNES/Airbus DS, USDA, USGS, AeroGRID, IGN, and the GIS User Community.

Données de distribution : Hemimycale columella (Bowerbank, 1874) in GBIF Secretariat (2019). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset https://doi.org/10.15468/39omei accessed via GBIF.org on 2024-03-05.

Guide des Tuniciers

Classification

Source : World Register of Marine Species


Dernière mise à jour 24-11-2022

Animalia (Kingdom)
Porifera (Phylum)
Demospongiae (Class)
Heteroscleromorpha (Subclass)
Poecilosclerida (Order)
Hymedesmiidae (Family)
Hemimycale (Genus)
Hemimycale columella (Species)

Guide des Tuniciers

Page glossary

Inhaling pore : = Ostioles. Holes through which water enters the sponge.

Benthic animals : Animals living on the bottom, attached or not, opposed to pelagic animals that is to say free-swimming animals.

Authors

Text : Wilfried Bay-Nouailhat © 2004 - 2024.

Photos : © Wilfried Bay-Nouailhat. Published with his kind permission.
Websites and reference works : Consult bibliography

How to cite this page

Bay-Nouailhat W., april 2004, Description of Hemimycale columella, [On line] https://european-marine-life.org/02/hemimycale-columella.php, consulted on 2024 March 05.

Author

Photographie de Wilfried Bay-Nouailhat

Wilfried Bay-Nouailhat

Diver - Naturalist
Underwater Photographer

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