Home
En français - In French

Holothuria (Panningothuria) forskali Delle Chiaje, 1823

Black sea cucumber

Holothuria (Panningothuria) forskali

Glénan Archipelago, France, 12 meters, 2004, WBN

Holothuria (Panningothuria) forskali

Glénan Archipelago, France, 7 meters, 2005, WBN

Description

Holothuria (Panningothuria) forskali is a sea cucumber whose soft and somewhat cylindrical body can be from 15 to 40 cm in length. The surface is covered by numerous conical short outgrowths, generally white. The colour is variable, brown, black, yellowish with brown mottlings. The mouth, at one end of the tube-shaped body is surrounded by small oral tentacles used to collect the mud from which the sea cucumber extracts various nutrients. Divers may frequently discover under the guise of strings of small muddy tubes, wastes of digestion of sea cucumbers. When attacked or disturbed, Holothuria forskali may expel by the anus numerous white,long and sticking filaments which can be regenarated within a month. It lives on sandy or muddy bottoms and on rocks.

Distribution

Holothuria (Panningothuria) forskali is found from surface to 70 m deep in the Atlantic Ocean, the English channel and the Mediterranean sea.

Image satellite: © Esri, DigitalGlobe, GeoEye, Earthstar Geographics, CNES/Airbus DS, USDA, USGS, AeroGRID, IGN, and the GIS User Community.

Données de distribution : Holothuria (Panningothuria) forskali Delle Chiaje, 1823 in GBIF Secretariat (2019). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset https://doi.org/10.15468/39omei accessed via GBIF.org on 2020-10-24.

Classification

Source : World Register of Marine Species


Biota (Superdomain)
Animalia (Kingdom)
Echinodermata (Phylum)
Echinozoa (Subphylum)
Holothuroidea (Class)
Actinopoda (Subclass)
Holothuriida (Order)
Holothuriidae (Family)
Holothuria (Genus)
Holothuria (Panningothuria) (Subgenus)
Holothuria (Panningothuria) forskali (Species)

Authors

Text : Anne Bay-Nouailhat © 2004 - 2020.

Photos : © Wilfried Bay-Nouailhat. Published with his kind permission.
Websites and reference works : Consult bibliography

Image satellite: © Esri, DigitalGlobe, GeoEye, Earthstar Geographics, CNES/Airbus DS, USDA, USGS, AeroGRID, IGN, and the GIS User Community.

Données de distribution : Holothuria (Panningothuria) forskali Delle Chiaje, 1823 in GBIF Secretariat (2019). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset https://doi.org/10.15468/39omei accessed via GBIF.org on 2020-10-24.

How to cite this page

Bay-Nouailhat A., May 2004, Description of Holothuria (Panningothuria) forskali, [On line] http://european-marine-life.org/30/holothuria-(panningothuria)-forskali.php, consulted on 2020 October 24.

Author

Photographie de Anne Bay-Nouailhat

Anne Bay-Nouailhat

Project manager in marine environment
Professional diver - Naturalist

Back to top

© Mer et littoral 2004-2020 - All rights reserved

The texts and images on this website are not free of rights and cannot be copied and/or used without the agreement of their respective authors.