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   This cnidarian classification only concerns species of Western Europe; thus, non-European and fossil species are excluded. Only the classification for the species presented in this website is fully mentionned; else, if a species is not referred to in this website, this classification is incomplete.

Classification of West-European Cnidarians

Hydroids, jellyfish, sea anemones, corals, sea fans

  • Superclass HYDROZOA
  • Class Hydroidomedusae
  • Subclass ANTHOMEDUSAE
  • Order FILIFERA
  • Suborder Filifera incertae sedis
  • Family Eudendriidae
  • See photo of Eudendrium arbusculum Eudendrium arbusculum Wright, 1859
  • See photo of Eudendrium cf. merulum Eudendrium cf. merulum Watson, 1985
  • See photo of Cf. Eudendrium rameum Cf. Eudendrium rameum (Pallas, 1766)
  • See photo of Eudendrium vaginatum Eudendrium vaginatum Allman, 1863
  • Suborder Margelina
  • Family Hydractiniidae
  • See photo of Hydractinia carnea Hydractinia carnea M. Sars, 1846
  • See photo of Hydractinia echinata Hydractinia echinata Fleming, 1823
  • Suborder Pandeida
  • Family Pandeidae
  • Order Capitata
  • Suborder Capitata incertae sedis
  • Family Myriothelidae = Candelabridae
  • See photo of Candelabrum cocksii Candelabrum cocksii (Vigurs, 1849)
  • Suborder Tubulariida
  • Family Cladonematidae
  • Family Corynidae
  • See photo of Coryne muscoides Coryne muscoides (Linnaeus, 1761)
  • See photo of Sarsia tubulosa Sarsia tubulosa (M. Sars, 1835)
  • Family Tubulariidae
  • Subclass Laingiomedusae
  • Subclass Leptomedusae
  • Order Conica
  • Family Aequoreidae
  • See photo of Aequorea vitrina Aequorea vitrina Gosse, 1853
  • Family Aglaopheniidae
  • Family Haleciidae
  • See photo of Halecium halecinum Halecium halecinum (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • See photo of Halecium sessile Halecium sessile Norman, 1866
  • Family Halopterididae
  • See photo of Antennella secundaria Antennella secundaria (Gmelin, 1791)
  • See photo of Antennella siliquosa Antennella siliquosa (Hincks, 1877)
  • Family Kirchenpaueriidae
  • See photo of Kirchenpaueria similis Kirchenpaueria similis (Hincks, 1861)
  • Family Lafoeidae
  • See photo of Cryptolaria pectinata Cryptolaria pectinata (Allman, 1888)
  • Family Plumulariidae
  • See photo of Nemertesia antennina Nemertesia antennina (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • See photo of Nemertesia ramosa Nemertesia ramosa (Lamarck, 1816)
  • See photo of Cf. Plumularia setacea Cf. Plumularia setacea (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Family Sertulariidae
  • See photo of Hydrallmania falcata Hydrallmania falcata (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • See photo of Sertularella polyzonias Sertularella polyzonias (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • See photo of Tamarisca tamarisca Tamarisca tamarisca (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Order Proboscoida
  • Family Campanulariidae
  • See photo of Laomedea cf. angulata Laomedea cf. angulata Hincks, 1861
  • See photo of Obelia dichotoma Obelia dichotoma (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • See photo of Obelia geniculata Obelia geniculata (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Subclass Limnomedusae
  • Subclass Siphonophorae
  • Order Cystonectae
  • Order Physonectae
  • Family Apolemiidae
  • See photo of Apolemia uvaria Apolemia uvaria (Lesueur, 1815)
  • Family Forskaliidae
  • See photo of Forskalia edwardsi Forskalia edwardsi Kölliker, 1853
  • Order Calycophorae
  • Class Automedusa
  • Subclass Actinulidae
  • Subclass Narcomedusae
  • Subclass Trachymedusae
  • Superclass SCYPHOZOA
  • Class Scyphozoa
  • Subclass Scyphomedusae Lankaster, 1877
  • Order Coronatae Vanhöffen, 1892
  • Order Semaeostomeae
  • Family Pelagiidae Gegenbaur, 1856
  • See photo of Chrysaora hysoscella Chrysaora hysoscella (Linnaeus, 1767)
  • See photo of Pelagia noctiluca Pelagia noctiluca (Forskål, 1775)
  • Family Cyaneidae L. Agassiz, 1862
  • See photo of Cyanea lamarckii Cyanea lamarckii Péron & Lesueur, 1810
  • Family Ulmaridae Haeckel, 1879
  • See photo of Aurelia aurita Aurelia aurita (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Order Rhizostomeae Cuvier, 1799
  • Family Cepheidae L. Agassiz, 1862
  • See photo of Cotylorhiza tuberculata Cotylorhiza tuberculata (Macri, 1778)
  • Family Rhizostomatidae Cuvier, 1799
  • See photo of Rhizostoma octopus Rhizostoma octopus 
  • See photo of Rhizostoma pulmo Rhizostoma pulmo (Macri, 1778)
  • Class Staurozoa Marques & Collins, 2004
  • Order Stauromedusae
  • Suborder Eleutherocarpida Clark, 1863
  • Family Lucernariidae Johnston, 1847
  • See photo of Haliclystus auricula Haliclystus auricula (Rathke, 1806)
  • Family Kishinouyeidae Uchida, 1929
  • See photo of Lucernariopsis campanulata Lucernariopsis campanulata (Lamouroux 1815)
  • Superclass CUBOZOA
  • Class Cubozoa Werner, 1975
  • Order Cubomedusae Haeckel, 1877
  • This order is only mentionned for information.
    There is no representative of des Cubomedusae in west European seas.
  • Superclass ANTHOZOA
  • Class Anthozoa Ehrenberg, 1831
  • Subclass Alcyonaria
  • Order Helioporacea
  • This order is only mentionned for information.
    There is no representative of d'Helioporacea in west European seas.
  • Order Stolonifera
  • Family Cornulariidae
  • See photo of Cornularia cornucopiae Cornularia cornucopiae (Pallas, 1766)
  • Order Alcyonacea
  • Family Clavulariidae
  • See photo of Clavularia crassa Clavularia crassa (Milne Edwards, 1848)
  • See photo of Clavularia sp. Clavularia sp. 
  • See photo of Sarcodictyon roseum Sarcodictyon roseum (Philippi, 1842)
  • Family Alcyoniidae
  • See photo of Alcyonium acaule Alcyonium acaule Marion, 1878
  • See photo of Alcyonium coralloides Alcyonium coralloides (Pallas, 1766)
  • See photo of Alcyonium digitatum Alcyonium digitatum Linnaeus, 1758
  • See photo of Alcyonium glomeratum Alcyonium glomeratum (Hassal, 1843)
  • See photo of Alcyonium hibernicum Alcyonium hibernicum (Renouf, 1931)
  • See photo of Alcyonium palmatum Alcyonium palmatum Pallas, 1766
  • Order Gorgonacea
  • Suborder Holaxonia
  • Family Gorgoniidae
  • See photo of Eunicella cavolini Eunicella cavolini (Koch, 1887)
  • See photo of Eunicella gazella Eunicella gazella Studer, 1878
  • See photo of Eunicella singularis Eunicella singularis (Esper, 1791)
  • See photo of Eunicella verrucosa Eunicella verrucosa (Pallas, 1766)
  • See photo of Leptogorgia lusitanica Leptogorgia lusitanica Stiasny,1937
  • See photo of Leptogorgia sarmentosa Leptogorgia sarmentosa (Esper, 1791)
  • Family Plexauridae
  • See photo of cf. Echinomuricea atlantica cf. Echinomuricea atlantica 
  • See photo of Paramuricea clavata Paramuricea clavata (Risso, 1826)
  • See photo of Paramuricea grayi Paramuricea grayi (Johnson, 1861)
  • See photo of Swiftia pallida Swiftia pallida Madsen, 1970
  • Suborder Scleraxonia
  • Family Coralliidae
  • See photo of Corallium rubrum Corallium rubrum (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Order Pennatulacea
  • Suborder Sessiliflorae
  • Family Veretillidae
  • See photo of Veretillum cynomorium Veretillum cynomorium (Pallas, 1766)
  • Suborder Subselliflorae
  • Family Pennatulidae
  • Subclass Zoantharia
  • Order Antipatharia
  • Family Antipatidae
  • See photo of Antipathes subpinnata Antipathes subpinnata Ellis & Solander, 1786
  • Order Ceriantharia
  • Family Cerianthidae
  • See photo of Cerianthus lloydii Cerianthus lloydii Gosse, 1859
  • See photo of Cerianthus membranaceus Cerianthus membranaceus (Spallanzani, 1784)
  • See photo of Pachycerianthus solitarius Pachycerianthus solitarius (Rapp, 1829)
  • Order Zoanthidea
  • Family Epizoanthidae
  • See photo of Epizoanthus couchii Epizoanthus couchii (Johnston in Couch, 1844)
  • Family Parazoanthidae
  • See photo of Gerardia savaglia Gerardia savaglia (Bertholoni, 1819)
  • See photo of Isozoanthus sulcatus Isozoanthus sulcatus (Gosse, 1859)
  • See photo of Parazoanthus anguicomus Parazoanthus anguicomus (Norman, 1868)
  • See photo of Parazoanthus axinellae Parazoanthus axinellae (Schmidt, 1862)
  • Order Ptychodactiaria
  • Order Actiniaria
  • Family Actiniidae
  • See photo of Actinia equina Actinia equina (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • See photo of Actinia fragacea Actinia fragacea Tugwell, 1856
  • See photo of Anemonia viridis Anemonia viridis (Forskål, 1775)
  • See photo of Anthopleura ballii Anthopleura ballii (Cocks, 1849)
  • See photo of Anthopleura biscayensis Anthopleura biscayensis (Fischer, 1874)
  • See photo of Aulactinia verrucosa Aulactinia verrucosa (Pennant, 1777)
  • See photo of Cribrinopsis crassa Cribrinopsis crassa (Andrès, 1880)
  • See photo of Paranemonia cinerea Paranemonia cinerea (Contarini, 1844)
  • See photo of Urticina felina Urticina felina (Linnaeus, 1767)
  • Family Aiptasiidae
  • See photo of Aiptasia diaphana Aiptasia diaphana (Rapp, 1829)
  • See photo of Aiptasia mutabilis Aiptasia mutabilis (Gravenhorst, 1831)
  • See photo of Aiptasiogeton pellucidus Aiptasiogeton pellucidus (Hollard, 1848)
  • Family Diadumenidae Stephenson, 1920
  • See photo of Diadumene cincta Diadumene cincta Stephenson, 1925
  • See photo of Haliplanella lineata Haliplanella lineata (Verrill, 1870)
  • Family Haloclavidae
  • See photo of Anemonactis mazeli Anemonactis mazeli (Jourdan, 1880)
  • See photo of Peachia cylindrica Peachia cylindrica (Reid, 1848)
  • Family Metridiidae
  • See photo of Metridium senile Metridium senile (Linnaeus, 1767)
  • Family Sagartiidae
  • See photo of Actinothoe sphyrodeta Actinothoe sphyrodeta (Gosse, 1858)
  • See photo of Cereus pedunculatus Cereus pedunculatus (Pennant, 1777)
  • See photo of Sagartia elegans aurantiaca Sagartia elegans aurantiaca (Dalyell, 1848)
  • See photo of Sagartia troglodytes Sagartia troglodytes (Price in Johnston, 1847)
  • See photo of Sagartiogeton undatus Sagartiogeton undatus (Müller, 1788)
  • Order Scleractinia
  • Suborder Caryophylliina
  • Family Caryophylliidae
  • See photo of Caryophyllia inornata Caryophyllia inornata (Duncan, 1878)
  • See photo of Caryophyllia smithii Caryophyllia smithii Stokes & Broderip, 1828
  • See photo of Cladocora cespitosa Cladocora cespitosa (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • See photo of Hoplangia durotrix Hoplangia durotrix Gosse, 1860
  • See photo of Paracyathus pulchellus Paracyathus pulchellus (Philippi, 1842)
  • Suborder Dendrophylliina
  • Family Dendrophylliidae
  • See photo of Balanophyllia europaea Balanophyllia europaea (Risso, 1826)
  • See photo of Balanophyllia regia Balanophyllia regia Gosse, 1860
  • See photo of Dendrophyllia cornigera Dendrophyllia cornigera (Lamarck, 1816)
  • See photo of Leptopsammia pruvoti Leptopsammia pruvoti Lacaze-Duthiers, 1897
  • Order Corallimorpharia
  • Family Corallimorphidae
  • See photo of Corynactis viridis Corynactis viridis Allman, 1846
  •  

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