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This sponge classification only concerns marine species from Western Europe; thus, non-European and fossil species are excluded. Only the classification concerning the species presented in this website is fully mentionned; else, if a species is not referred to in this website, this classification is incomplete.

Classification of West-European Sponges

Sponges

  • Subphylum Cellularia Reiswig & Mackie, 1983
  • Class Demospongiae Sollas, 1875
  • Subclass Homoscleromorpha
  • Order Homosclerophorida Dendy, 1905
  • Family Plakinidae Schulze, 1880
  • See photo of Oscarella rubra Oscarella rubra (Hanitsch, 1890)
  • See photo of Corticium candelabrum Corticium candelabrum Schmidt, 1862
  • Subclass Tetractinomorpha Lévi
  • Order Spirophorida Bergquist & Hogg
  • Order Astrophorida Sollas
  • Family Geodiidae Gray, 1867
  • Order Hadromerida Topsent, 1898
  • Family Clionaidae d'Orbigny, 1851
  • Family Spirastrellidae Ridley & Dendy, 1886
  • See photo of Diplastrella bistellata Diplastrella bistellata (Schmidt, 1862)
  • See photo of Spirastrella cunctatrix Spirastrella cunctatrix Schmidt, 1868
  • Family Hemiasterellidae Lendenfeld, 1889
  • Family Tethyidae Gray, 1867
  • Family Suberitidae Schmidt, 1870
  • Family Polymastiidae Gray, 1867
  • Order Chondrosida Boury-Esnault & Lopes
  • Family Chondrillidae Gray, 1872
  • See photo of Chondrosia reniformis Chondrosia reniformis Nardo, 1847
  • See photo of Thymosia guernei Thymosia guernei Topsent, 1895
  • Order Lithistida Schmidt, 1870
  • Subclass Ceractinomorpha Lévi, 1973
  • Order Verticillitida
  • Order Agelasida Hartman
  • Family Agelasidae Verrill, 1907
  • See photo of Agelas oroides Agelas oroides (Schmidt, 1864)
  • Order Halichondrida Gray
  • Family Axinellidae Carter, 1875
  • See photo of Axinella agnata See description of Axinella agnata Axinella agnata Topsent, 1896
  • See photo of Axinella damicornis Axinella damicornis (Esper, 1794)
  • See photo of Axinella dissimilis Axinella dissimilis (Bowerbank, 1866)
  • See photo of Axinella polypoides Axinella polypoides Schmidt, 1862
  • See photo of Axinella verrucosa Axinella verrucosa (Esper, 1794)
  • See photo of Axinella infundibuliformis Axinella infundibuliformis (Linnaeus, 1759)
  • See photo of Cf. Axinella sp. Cf. Axinella sp. 
  • See photo of Homaxinella subdola Homaxinella subdola (Bowerbank, 1866)
  • See photo of Phakellia ventilabrum Phakellia ventilabrum (Linnaeus, 1767)
  • Family Dictyonellidae van Soest, Diaz & Pomponi
  • See photo of Acanthella acuta Acanthella acuta Schmidt, 1862
  • Family Halichondriidae Gray
  • Order Poecilosclerida Topsent, 1928
  • Suborder Microcionina Hajdu, Van Soest & Hooper
  • Family Raspailiidae Hentschel, 1923
  • See photo of Hymeraphia stellifera Hymeraphia stellifera Bowerbank, 1864
  • See photo of Raspaciona aculeata Raspaciona aculeata (Johnston, 1842)
  • See photo of Raspailia hispida Raspailia hispida (Montagu, 1818)
  • See photo of Raspailia ramosa Raspailia ramosa (Montagu, 1818)
  • Suborder Myxillina Hajdu, Van Soest & Hooper
  • Family Myxillidae Dendy
  • See photo of Cf. myxilla fimbriata Cf. myxilla fimbriata (Bowerbank, 1866)
  • See photo of Myxilla incrustans Myxilla incrustans (Johnston, 1842)
  • See photo of Cf. Myxilla rosacea Cf. Myxilla rosacea (Lieberkühn, 1859)
  • Family Crambeidae (Lévi, 1963)
  • See photo of Crambe crambe Crambe crambe (Schmidt, 1862)
  • See photo of Crambe tailliezi Crambe tailliezi Vacelet & Boury-Esnault, 1982
  • Family Desmacididae Schmidt
  • See photo of Desmacidon fruticosum Desmacidon fruticosum (Montagu, 1818)
  • Family Coelosphaeridae Dendy
  • See photo of Celtodoryx ciocalyptoides Celtodoryx ciocalyptoides (Burton, 1935)
  • Family Crellidae Dendy
  • See photo of Crella pulvinar Crella pulvinar (Schmidt, 1868)
  • See photo of Crella rosea Crella rosea (Topsent, 1892)
  • Family Hymedesmiidae Topsent, 1904
  • Suborder Mycalina Hajdu, Van Soest & Hooper
  • Family Mycalidae Lundbeck, 1905
  • See photo of Mycale contareni Mycale contareni (Lieberkühn, 1859)
  • See photo of Mycale lingua Mycale lingua (Bowerbank, 1866)
  • See photo of Cf. Mycale similaris Cf. Mycale similaris (Bowerbank, 1874)
  • Family Esperiopsidae Hentschel, 1923
  • Suborder Latrunculina M. Kelly & T. Samaai in Hooper
  • Order Haplosclerida Topsent
  • Suborder Haplosclerina Topsent
  • Family Chalinidae Gray, 1867
  • See photo of Haliclona cinerea Haliclona cinerea (Grant, 1826)
  • See photo of Haliclona cf. fibulata Haliclona cf. fibulata (Schmidt, 1862)
  • See photo of Haliclona fistulosa Haliclona fistulosa (Bowerbank, 1866)
  • See photo of Haliclona mediterranea Haliclona mediterranea Griessinger, 1971
  • See photo of Haliclona oculata Haliclona oculata (Pallas, 1766)
  • See photo of Haliclona simulans Haliclona simulans (Johnston, 1842)
  • See photo of Haliclona viscosa Haliclona viscosa (Topsent, 1887)
  • See photo of Haliclona xena Haliclona xena De Weerdt, 1986
  • Suborder Petrosina Boury-Esnault & Van Beveren
  • Family Petrosiidae van Soest, 1980
  • See photo of Petrosia ficiformis Petrosia ficiformis (Poiret, 1798)
  • Suborder Spongillina Manconi & Pronzato
  • Order Dictyoceratida Minchin
  • Family Spongiidae Gray, 1867
  • See photo of Spongia agaricina Spongia agaricina Pallas, 1766
  • Family Irciniidae Gray, 1867
  • See photo of Sarcotragus fasciculatus Sarcotragus fasciculatus (Pallas, 1766)
  • See photo of Ircinia oros Ircinia oros (Schmidt, 1864)
  • See photo of Sarcotragus sp. Sarcotragus sp. 
  • Family Dysideidae Gray, 1867
  • See photo of Dysidea avara Dysidea avara (Schmidt, 1862)
  • See photo of Dysidea fragilis Dysidea fragilis (Montagu, 1818)
  • See photo of Dysidea pallescens Dysidea pallescens (Schmidt, 1862)
  • See photo of Pleraplysilla spinifera Pleraplysilla spinifera (Schulze, 1879)
  • Order Dendroceratida Minchin
  • Family Darwinellidae Merejkowsky, 1879
  • See photo of Aplysilla rosea Aplysilla rosea (Barrois, 1876)
  • See photo of Aplysilla sulfurea Aplysilla sulfurea Schulze, 1878
  • Order Halisarcida Bergquist
  • Order Verongida Bergquist
  • Family Aplysinidae Carter, 1875
  • See photo of Aplysina aerophoba Aplysina aerophoba Nardo, 1843
  • See photo of Aplysina cavernicola Aplysina cavernicola (Vacelet, 1959)
  • Class Calcarea Bowerbank, 1864
  • Subclass Calcinea
  • Order Clathrinida Hartman
  • Family Clathrinidae Minchin, 1900
  • Family Leucaltidae Dendy & Row, 1913
  • See photo of Cf. Ascandra falcata Cf. Ascandra falcata Haeckel, 1870
  • Order Murrayonida Vacelet
  • Subclass Calcaronea
  • Order Baerida Borojevic, Boury-Esnault & Vacelet
  • Order Leucosolenida Hartman
  • Family Leucosoleniidae Minchin, 1898
  • See photo of Leucosolenia botryoides Leucosolenia botryoides (Ellis & Solander, 1786)
  • Family Sycettidae Dendy, 1892
  • See photo of Sycon ciliatum Sycon ciliatum (Fabricius, 1780)
  • See photo of Sycon quadrangulatum Sycon quadrangulatum (Schmidt, 1868)
  • Family Grantiidae Dendy, 1892
  • See photo of Grantia compressa Grantia compressa (Fabricius, 1780)
  • Order Lithonida Vacelet
  • Subphylum Symplasma Reiswig & Mackie, 1983
  • Class Hexactinellida O. Schmidt

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